A sculpture is a piece of artwork that exists in 3 dimensions. It can be developed from all points of view by using elements such as glass, textiles, metals, wood, or clay. Clay is mainly used in the formation of ceramic pieces of art. The construction of clay sculptures takes place in nine stages which are well described below.
This is the stage whereby an artist decides how the sculpture is going to be designed in order to make it attractive. The artist makes a decision on what materials to use and whether they will require combination or not. The materials can either be pierced then thrown on a wheel together or they can be molded using coils and slabs.
Sculpture hollowing involves the use of ceramic trimming tools to dig out and scrap the ceramic materials. The tools enable the artist to retain the strength of the ceramic wall of the sculpture.
Maintenance of the uniformity of the sculpture is highly recommended in order to prevent any cracks or shrinkages. Different thickness of the ceramic material has different rates of shrinking. Therefore if all the walls are roughly uniform, the rate of shrinkage too will be uniform.
Prevention of Drying
The sculpture being constructed is covered using p [lactic sheets and bags in order to reduce the rate at which drying takes place. Sometimes water can be added to the sculpture using sponges of various sizes. Different ceramic materials have different rates of drying for example red clay has a slow drying rate.
Reassembling of Individual Pieces
Individual pieces of the ceramic materials are then reassembled. This requires the use of adhesive materials to score the both ends. Adhesive materials used for example include a solution of dried and reused clay in water.
Rolling Using Hands
The sculpture is rolled using fingers in a specific design. The rolling starts from the center and extends further away from the center. The hands should move away from each other on rolling.
Rolling Using Rolling Pin
This step involves the use of rolling pin to roll out the slabs in order to achieve an even rolling. The ceramic material is aligned between two strips of material with a thickness according to the design requirements. On rolling the strips, the ends of the rolling pin flatten the ceramic material to the required width.
An even texture is created using methods such as carving, use of imprint tools, branding using various implements or rolling the material on burlap.
Finishing the Piece
The final step in the construction of a ceramic sculpture involves glazing, painting using stains, firing and then painting with acrylics or oils according to the liking of the artist. Enormous sculptures, most often do not fit into kilns and this prompts the construction of the sculpture in smaller pieces which are fitted together after firing. It is recommended that when making a ceramic structure, allowance should be made for the purpose of attachments in the interior and also to prevent the showing of cracks. Ceramic sculptures are subject to breakage.